To determine whether or not economic and social deprivation were associated with different diabetic treatment and metabolic control, data of patients from deprived inner city wards and prosperous wards were compared. A database was obtained for 1528 patients attending our hospital Diabetes Care Centre. Demographic data and postcodes were used to construct geographical maps of disease and deprivation. Blood glucose and glycated haemoglobin were measured. Inner city patients were less likely to be taking insulin, but if they were, they were more likely to have higher blood glucose values (p = 0.02) and higher glycated haemoglobin values (p = 0.02), compared to patients from prosperous wards. Insulin-treated patients from socially and economically deprived wards had worse diabetic control than patients from more prosperous wards. The study emphasizes the needs to target deprived patients for education and motivation to understand diabetes, and to optimize metabolic control.