Quantification of pulmonary uptake of indium-111 labelled granulocytes in inflammatory bowel disease

Eur J Nucl Med. 1994 Jan;21(1):6-11. doi: 10.1007/BF00182299.

Abstract

This study describes a method for quantifying the pulmonary trapping of indium-111 labelled polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in comparison to non-inflamed controls. Twenty patients with extensive IBD were studied by 111In-PMN scintigraphy. Gamma-camera images were obtained at 2.5-4 h (early) and 20-25 h (late) after the injection of autologous PMNs labelled in plasma with 111In-tropolonate. Local uptake in the chest, iliac bone marrow, spleen and liver was quantified as the counts per pixel per second per MBq of injected 111In for both early and late scans. Fourteen subjects without inflammatory disease were studied as controls. IBD patients showed significantly greater loss of splenic activity between early and late scans compared with controls (mean +/- SD: -35.7% +/- 16.6% versus -4.5% +/- 6.1%, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between control and IBD groups with respect to liver and bone marrow uptake on both early and late scans. Chest uptake was significantly higher in patients with IBD on both early (6.4 +/- 1.6 cps/MBq/pix) and late (5.6 +/- 1.5 cps/MBq/pix) scans, compared with the controls (4.8 +/- 1.3 cps/MBq/pix, P < 0.005 and 3.4 +/- 1.0 cps/MBq/pix, P < 0.001 respectively). The chest uptake in the control group on the late scans demonstrated a significant linear correlation with iliac uptake (y = 0.23x + 0.41, r = 0.87, n = 14). Assuming in controls that there is no parenchymal uptake of 111In, this regression enables an estimate to be made, based on iliac counts, of the count rate from bone marrow in the chest wall.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Humans
  • Indium Radioisotopes*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils* / physiology
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tropolone / analogs & derivatives

Substances

  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • indium tris(tropolonate)
  • Tropolone