Castleman's disease. Differences in follicular dendritic network in the hyaline vascular and plasma cell variants

Histopathology. 1994 May;24(5):437-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.1994.tb00552.x.


Twenty-seven cases of the hyaline vascular variant and 10 cases of the plasma cell variant of Castleman's disease were studied with the paraffin resistant monoclonal antibodies Ki-FDC1p and/or Ki-M4p against follicular dendritic cells. Studies with the monoclonal antibody Ki-M9, for the detection of sinus lining cells, were also performed on the available frozen tissue in four cases of the hyaline vascular variant. In nine of the 10 plasma cell variant cases, the predominant type of follicular dendritic cell network was similar to that seen in normal or reactive germinal centres. In contrast, the hyaline vascular variant demonstrated either an expanded, disrupted, follicular dendritic cell network (10 cases) or multiple tight collections of follicular dendritic cells (16 cases). Sinus lining cells were not detected in the four cases studied. The difference in the predominant type of dendritic meshwork is an additional distinguishing feature to separate the plasma cell and hyaline vascular variants of Castleman's disease. The patterns of dendritic network seen in the hyaline vascular type, together with the absence of sinus lining cells, appear to favour the hamartoma theory proposed for this variant.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Castleman Disease / pathology*
  • Dendritic Cells / pathology*
  • Humans