Genetic heterogeneity of Usher syndrome type 1 in French families

Genomics. 1994 May 1;21(1):138-43. doi: 10.1006/geno.1994.1235.


Usher syndrome type 1 (US1) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by profound congenital hearing impairment with unintelligible speech, early retinitis pigmentosa, and constant vestibular dysfunction. Three localizations have been described in US1: USH1A, 14q32; USH1B, 11q13.5; and USH1C, 11p15. Studying a series of 33 affected individuals belonging to 20 US1 pedigrees of French ancestry, we found that none of the three localizations accounted for all US1 families in our series (Zmax = 1.48 at theta = 0.10; Zmax = 1.45 at theta = 0.10; and Zmax = 0.36 at theta = 0.20 for probes MLJ14, Zd5, and Mfd58, respectively, at loci D14S13, D11S527, and D11S419, respectively). However, when our sample was split into two groups according to the geographic origin of the probands' grandparents, we were able to confirm the presence of a gene for US1 on chromosome 14q32 (USH1A) in 9 families originating from the Poitou region in Western France (Department of Deux-Sèvres; Zmax = 4.46 at theta = 0 for probe MLJ14 at the D14S13 locus, Morton likelihood ratio test, P < 0.01). Moreover, we refined the genetic mapping of USH1A by showing that the disease gene maps to the D14S13 locus, within the genetic interval defined by loci D14S78 and D14S250 (location score in log base 10 = 4.90). Consistent with this, nonsignificant lod score values for linkage to either USH1B or USH1C were found in this group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14*
  • DNA / genetics
  • Deafness / epidemiology
  • Deafness / genetics*
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / epidemiology
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / genetics*
  • Syndrome
  • Vestibular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Vestibular Diseases / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers
  • DNA