Occupational retirement in women due to age. Health aspects

Scand J Soc Med. 1994 Jun;22(2):90-6. doi: 10.1177/140349489402200203.


The impact of occupational age-retirement on physical and mental health was investigated in 116 female municipal employees (age 62-64 years old) in Malmö. Interviews and physical examinations were made about six months prior to and five months after retirement. The women were asked about present state of subjective health, earlier and present diseases, various symptoms, medication, calls to physicians, smoking habits, physical activity and sleeping habits. The majority (n = 109.94%) felt healthy before retirement. At least one definable disease was noted in 41 (35%). A proportion of them had a low level of subjective health which, however, improved after retirement. The disease most commonly found was hypertension. After retirement the subjective health improved in 22% and got worse in 9%. Blood pressure diminished and particularly musculo-skeletal and psychiatric symptoms were less common. Calls to physicians diminished. Intake of drugs, smoking and sleeping habits and physical activity changed little. In general, occupational retirement due to age was associated with mostly positive influences on health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging*
  • Attitude
  • Attitude to Health
  • Drug Therapy / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations
  • Retirement*
  • Sleep
  • Smoking
  • Sweden
  • Women's Health*
  • Women, Working*