Recombinant capripoxvirus expressing the hemagglutinin protein gene of rinderpest virus: protection of cattle against rinderpest and lumpy skin disease viruses

Virology. 1994 Oct;204(1):425-9. doi: 10.1006/viro.1994.1548.


A cDNA clone containing the complete coding sequence of the hemagglutinin (H) protein gene of the RBOK vaccine strain of rinderpest virus, under the control of the vaccinia late promoter p11, was inserted by homologous recombination into the thymidine kinase gene of the KS-1 strain of capripoxvirus. The recombinant virus produced authentic H protein as judged by its electrophoretic mobility, transport to the cell surface of infected lamb testis cells, and reactivity with monoclonal antibodies specific for the H protein of rinderpest virus. The recombinant virus induced significant levels of rinderpest virus neutralizing antibodies in vaccinated cattle and protected them from clinical rinderpest after challenge with a lethal dose of a highly virulent heterologous strain of the virus. Protection was achieved using vaccine doses lower than those used with a similar recombinant expressing the fusion protein gene of rinderpest. The parental KS-1 virus is widely used as a vaccine against capripox viruses and so the rinderpest recombinant acts as a dual vaccine to protect cattle against both rinderpest and lumpy skin disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Capripoxvirus / genetics*
  • Capripoxvirus / immunology
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Viral / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / biosynthesis
  • Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / immunology*
  • Hemagglutinins, Viral
  • Immunity, Active
  • Lumpy Skin Disease / immunology
  • Lumpy Skin Disease / prevention & control*
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / immunology
  • Rinderpest / immunology
  • Rinderpest / prevention & control*
  • Rinderpest virus / genetics
  • Rinderpest virus / immunology*
  • Thymidine Kinase / genetics
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / genetics
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / immunology*
  • Vaccinia virus / genetics
  • Viral Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Fusion Proteins / immunology
  • Viral Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Viral Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Proteins / immunology*
  • Viral Structural Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Vaccines / genetics
  • Viral Vaccines / immunology


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • F protein, Rinderpest virus
  • Glycoproteins
  • Hemagglutinins, Viral
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Viral Fusion Proteins
  • Viral Proteins
  • Viral Structural Proteins
  • Viral Vaccines
  • hemagglutinin protein, Rinderpest virus
  • Thymidine Kinase