Human live anthrax vaccine in the former USSR

Vaccine. 1994 Jun;12(8):727-30. doi: 10.1016/0264-410x(94)90223-2.


The history of the development and use of the Soviet live spore human anthrax vaccine is described. Results of mass field trials on this vaccine following administration by scarification, by subcutaneous injection route or by aerosol exposure are presented. For the immunological assessment of these vaccinations a skin test with an original product 'Anthraxin' was used.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Anthrax / history
  • Anthrax / prevention & control
  • Antigens, Bacterial / immunology
  • Bacillus anthracis / immunology*
  • Bacterial Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Bacterial Vaccines / history*
  • Bacterial Vaccines / immunology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Safety
  • USSR
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / history


  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Attenuated
  • anthraxin