Influence of Coexisting Disease on Survival on Renal-Replacement Therapy

Lancet. 1993 Feb 13;341(8842):415-8. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(93)93003-j.

Abstract

Survival of patients on renal-replacement therapy (RRT) is no longer improving. Increasingly, such patients are older and have co-morbid conditions affecting organs other than the kidney. In a retrospective study, we calculated actuarial survival of 375 patients starting RRT during a 6 1/2 year period at renal units in Aberdeen and Dundee, UK, after stratification of patients into three risk groups (low, medium, and high) based predominantly on co-morbidity and to a lesser extent on age. 2-year survival differed significantly between low, medium, and high risk groups both before (86%, 60%, and 35%, respectively; p < 0.002 for all comparisons) and after (90%, 70%, 46%; p < 0.004 for all comparisons) excluding early deaths (within 90 days of starting RRT). Overall survival was 61% in Aberdeen and 68% in Dundee (p = 0.04), but 73% and 74%, respectively, when deaths in the first 90 days were excluded (p = 0.73). We conclude that RRT is a highly successful treatment (86% 2-year survival) for patients aged under 70 with no co-morbid conditions (low-risk group); that coexisting non-renal disease has an important influence on survival of patients on RRT; and that risk stratification and analysis of data including and excluding early deaths should allow more valid comparison of data from different centres.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Kidney Transplantation / mortality*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Dialysis / mortality*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate