Identification of cell-specific and developmentally regulated nuclear factors that direct myeloid and lymphoid expression of the CD11a gene

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Jun 1;90(11):5364-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.90.11.5364.


Human CD11a/CD18 is a noncovalently associated heterodimeric receptor expressed exclusively on the surface of lymphocytes and myeloid cells. To begin to understand the mechanisms that direct the expression of the genes encoding this receptor, we have cloned and characterized the promoter region of the CD11a gene and localized cis-acting elements involved in its expression in lymphoid and myeloid cells. One such element is the "LYM" box, which interacts with two sets of DNA-binding activities, one primarily expressed in lymphocytes and preerythroid cells and the other expressed predominantly in myeloid cells. A second element required for expression of the CD11a gene contains the "GAGA" sequence RRRGAGGAAG (R indicates a purine), which interacts with the DNA-binding activities MS-1 and MS-2. MS-1 is expressed exclusively in myeloid cells and probably represents a member of the Ets family of transcription activators. MS-2 is present in epithelial, preerythroid, and lymphoid cells but is only detected in myeloid cells after differentiation. MS-2 also binds to a second element within the CD11a promoter and homologous elements present in the promoter regions of the CD11b and CD43 genes. Since MS-2 interacts with a number of different gene promoters and is developmentally regulated in myeloid cells, it may play a major role in regulating myeloid gene expression.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antigens, CD / biosynthesis
  • Antigens, CD / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • CD11 Antigens
  • Cell Line
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / isolation & purification
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Luciferases / genetics
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Plasmids
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antigens, CD
  • CD11 Antigens
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • DNA
  • Luciferases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M95609