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. 1993;32(4):279-85.
doi: 10.1007/BF00686173.

Regulation of HSP60 mRNA Expression in a Human Ovarian Carcinoma Cell Line

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Regulation of HSP60 mRNA Expression in a Human Ovarian Carcinoma Cell Line

E Kimura et al. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. .

Abstract

The expression of the 60-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP60) varies markedly among patients with ovarian carcinoma, and high-level expression predicts poor survival in such patients treated with cisplatin (DDP)-containing chemotherapy programs. We investigated the expression of HSP60 in human ovarian carcinoma 2008 cells and an 11-fold DDP-resistant subline 2008/C13*5.25. Heating for 2 h at 44 degrees C produced a 2.7 +/- 0.16-fold increase (mean +/- SD) that was maximal at 4 h after the start of heat exposure. Exposure to an IC50 concentration of DDP for 1 h induced a 1.8 +/- 0.03-fold increase in hsp60 expression. The opposite was true for cadmium and zinc, both of which induced increases in metallothionein IIA but not in the hsp60 message. 2008/C13*5.25 cells constitutively over-expressed hsp60 mRNA by 1.7 +/- 0.16 orders of magnitude and contained a 3.8 +/- 0.45-fold higher level of HSP60 as detected by immunocytochemical staining. 2008/C13*5.25 cells showed 1.2-fold cross-resistance to thermal killing. Expression of hsp60 was markedly reduced in 2008 xenografts as compared with 2008 cells growing in vitro; however, neither serum starvation nor refeeding altered the message level. Exposure to a variety of growth factors and drug treatments known to alter the DDP sensitivity of 2008 cells, including epidermal growth factor, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, buthionine sulfoximine, ouabain, and forskolin, did not alter hsp60 expression. These results suggest a role for HSP60 in mediating resistance to both DDP and hyperthermia but indicate that the hsp60 mRNA levels are not regulated by the factors listed above.

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