From synapse to vesicle: the reuptake and storage of biogenic amine neurotransmitters

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Oct 4;1144(3):249-63. doi: 10.1016/0005-2728(93)90109-s.


Biogenic amine transport systems in the presynaptic plasma membrane and the synaptic vesicle provide a mechanism for rapidly terminating the action of released transmitters and for recycling neurotransmitters. Alterations in the activity of these transporters, either by endogenous regulatory mechanisms or by drugs, affect the regulation of synaptic transmitter levels. For drugs such as antidepressants and stimulants that interact with these transport systems, the therapeutic and behavioral consequences are profound. Now that the cDNAs encoding the transporters have been isolated, we can expect rapid progress in understanding how the individual proteins work at the molecular level to couple ion gradients to the reuptake and storage of biogenic amine neurotransmitters.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Biogenic Amines / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Chlorides / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Synapses / metabolism*


  • Biogenic Amines
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Chlorides
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Sodium