Comparison of left anterior oblique, anterior, and geometric mean methods in gastric emptying assessment of postpancreaticoduodenectomy patients

Clin Nucl Med. 1993 Sep;18(9):776-81. doi: 10.1097/00003072-199309000-00011.


Although left anterior oblique (LAO) gastric emptying studies appear to be an adequate alternative to geometric mean (GM) measurements in patients with normal gastric anatomy, it is not clear whether they can be used after gastric or duodenal surgery. In this study, dual-phase gastric emptying studies with combined solid-liquid meal were performed in 54 patients who had undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure). Gastric emptying was studied with GM, LAO, and anterior (ANT) methods. T1/2 and percent gastric retention at 10, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes were calculated. Results from the three methods were compared using correlation analysis and the t test. The t test showed no significant difference in T1/2 and percent retention values between the GM and LAO or ANT views. The solid emptying T1/2 showed a better correlation between GM and LAO values (r = 0.824) than between GM and ANT (r = 0.589). For the liquid T1/2, the reverse was true. Correlation between GM and ANT (r = 0.939) was better than between GM and LAO (r = 0.839); however, both LAO and ANT views correlated well with GM liquid emptying. It is concluded that the LAO view can replace GM gastric emptying methods in postpancreaticoduodenectomy patients for evaluation of both solid and liquid emptying, although the ANT view appears completely adequate for the study of liquid emptying.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bile Duct Neoplasms / surgery
  • Common Bile Duct
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy*
  • Pancreatitis / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies