Effects of iron repletion on VO2max, endurance, and blood lactate in women

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Dec;25(12):1386-92.

Abstract

To determine the effects of an 8-wk dietary iron supplementation (100 mg.d-1) on low plasma ferritin concentration (< 20 ng.ml-1) and endurance, 20 active women (19-35 yr) were studied while performing a VO2max test and an endurance test (80% VO2max) on a cycle ergometer. Subjects were randomly placed in an iron supplement (IG) or a placebo group (PG) using a double-blind method. After treatment in the IG, ferritin levels were higher (22.5 +/- 3.4 vs 14.3 +/- 2.2 ng.ml-1; P < 0.05), Hb increased (12.8 +/- 0.4 to 14.1 +/- 0.2 g.dl-1; P < 0.05), and TIBC decreased (366.2 +/- 24.8 to 293.8 +/- 14.0 micrograms.dl-1; P < 0.05). Also after treatment the IG's VO2max was significantly greater (P < 0.05) than the PG value and their postendurance blood lactate decreased (5.03 +/- 0.44 to 3.85 +/- 0.6 mM.l-1; P < 0.05). Endurance time to exhaustion increased 38% (37.28 +/- 5.03 to 51.4 +/- 7.45 min) following iron treatment; however, this change was not statistically significant. The results suggest that this level of iron supplementation can reverse mild anemia, increase VO2max, and reduce blood lactate concentration after submaximal exercise.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anemia, Hypochromic / physiopathology
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iron / administration & dosage
  • Iron / deficiency*
  • Iron / physiology*
  • Lactates / blood*
  • Lactic Acid
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*

Substances

  • Lactates
  • Lactic Acid
  • Iron