DNA alterations in cells from hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer patients

Oncogene. 1994 Mar;9(3):991-4.


To determine if the MCC, DCC or p53 gene is associated with susceptibility to hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), these genes in normal cells from 12 HNPCC patients were analysed by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. No changes which may alter the amino acid sequences of these genes were detected, suggesting that these genes are not associated with the susceptibility to HNPCC. Only one of nine HNPCC cancers showed mutations in the MCC and p53 genes on the same analysis. Loss of heterozygosity in chromosomes 5q, 17p, 18q and 22 was detected in four of the nine cancers, all of them being positive as to metastasis to lymph nodes. Abnormalities of the (CA)n repeat were found in six cancers, including all four without metastasis. These data indicate that tumor suppressor genes in chromosomes 5q, 17p, 18q and 22 are associated with the late stage of colorectal tumorigenesis in HNPCC, whereas the (CA)n repeat abnormalities are an early event of tumorigenesis and more essential to HNPCC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / pathology
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genes, MCC
  • Genes, p53
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Polymorphism, Genetic


  • DNA, Neoplasm