Inducible acceleration of G1 progression through tetracycline-regulated expression of human cyclin E

Oncogene. 1994 Mar;9(3):995-7.


Cyclin E is a cell cycle-regulated protein that activates the cdc2-related protein kinases cdk2 shortly before S-phase entry. In order to analyse the biological role of cyclin E, we have generated HeLa cells that allow the conditional expression of ectopic human cyclin E. In these cells, a cyclin E cDNA is under the control of a bacterial tetracycline repressor-VP16 activator hybrid protein. In the absence of tetracycline, the endogenous gene becomes activated and leads to the synthesis of elevated levels of cyclin E. Concomitant with this increase in cyclin E expression we show by a combined time-lapse video recording/5-bromo-deoxyuridine labelling procedure a significant acceleration of G1 transition by approximately 1.5 hours. This observation is consistent with the idea that cyclin E is a rate-limiting factor with respect to the control of G1-->S transition. The experimental system described here should also prove useful to address the function of cyclin E in further detail.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cyclins / biosynthesis
  • Cyclins / genetics
  • Cyclins / physiology*
  • G1 Phase*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Tetracycline / pharmacology


  • Cyclins
  • Tetracycline