HLA allele detection using molecular techniques

Dis Markers. 1993 Nov;11(4):145-60. doi: 10.1155/1993/215379.


There are now many molecular biological techniques available to define HLA class I and class II alleles. Some of these are also applicable to other human polymorphic genes, in particular to those non-HLA genes encoded within the Mhc. The range of techniques available allows laboratories to choose those most suited to their purpose. The routine laboratory supporting solid organ transplants will need to type large numbers of potential recipients over a period of time, probably using PCR-SSOP while donors will be typed singly and rapidly using PCR-SSP with HLA allele compatibility determined by heteroduplex analysis. Laboratories supporting bone marrow transplantation, where time is less pressing, can choose from the whole range of techniques to determine accurately donor recipient Mhc compatibility. For disease studies, techniques defining precise HLA allele sequence polymorphisms are needed and high sample numbers have to be accommodated. When an association is established allele sequencing has to be used. In the near future, the precise role of HLA alleles in transplantation and disease susceptibility is likely to be established unambiguously.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • DNA / genetics
  • Gene Amplification
  • HLA Antigens / classification
  • HLA Antigens / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immunity / physiology
  • Organ Transplantation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic


  • HLA Antigens
  • DNA