Five-year results of vitrectomy and silicone oil in patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy

Retina. 1993;13(4):285-9. doi: 10.1097/00006982-199313040-00003.


The purpose for this study was to evaluate the results of silicone oil use in patients who have undergone vitrectomy for proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). The authors reviewed the 5-year results of 50 consecutive patients (52 eyes) with grade C1/D3 PVR operated on in 1987. Silicone oil has been removed in 42 eyes. The retina remained attached in 38 eyes. Visual acuities were finger counting in 12 eyes and 0.1 or greater in 19 eyes. Glaucoma was thought to be the major cause of loss of visual acuity after an initial improvement (9 eyes), as well as the most frequent complication of surgery (13 eyes). Silicone oil was deemed nonremovable in 10 operated eyes. A questionnaire was developed to determine the patients' perceptions of the use of silicone oil, and 46 patients responded to the questionnaire. Four patients indicated that they would not have elected to have surgery again. Six patients thought that surgery was not worthwhile, but would permit treatment again. Most patients thought that a modest amount of improvement had taken place and that vision was stable. Subjectively, most patients believed that surgery was worthwhile.

MeSH terms

  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Eye Diseases / surgery
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Reoperation
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery
  • Retinal Diseases / surgery*
  • Silicone Oils*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitrectomy / methods*
  • Vitreous Body / surgery*


  • Silicone Oils