[Allergic and irritative textile dermatitis]

Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1994 Jan 22;124(3):111-8.
[Article in German]


Textile dermatitis is only one example of adverse health effects due to clothing. It may present with a wide spectrum of clinical features, but the main mechanisms are irritant dermatitis, often observed in atopics intolerant to wool and synthetic fibers, and allergic contact dermatitis, usually caused by textile finishes and dyes. The newer azo dyes Disperse Blue 106 and 124 in particular are potent sensitizers that have caused significant problems, most recently in the form of "leggins dermatitis". Although severe textile dermatitis appears to be a rare event, more systematic population-based research is needed since many oligosymptomatic cases are probably overlooked. Criteria for healthy textiles are an optimum combination of efficacy (regulation of skin temperature and humidity and protection from environmental damage) and safety (lack of carcinogenicity, toxicity and allergenicity). If potentially allergenic substances are used in textiles, they should be declared as in the case of cosmetics.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coloring Agents / adverse effects
  • Dermatitis, Atopic / etiology
  • Dermatitis, Contact / diagnosis
  • Dermatitis, Contact / etiology*
  • Detergents / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Irritants
  • Skin Tests
  • Textiles / adverse effects*


  • Coloring Agents
  • Detergents
  • Irritants