We recently treated a patient with leiomyoma of the bladder and reviewed the 37 most recent cases in the English language literature. Mean patient age was forty-four years. Women made up 76 percent of the patients. Patients presented most commonly with obstructive urinary symptoms (49%), irritative symptoms (38%), hematuria (11%), or flank pain (13%); 19 percent were asymptomatic. Almost all patients had cystoscopy (87%) and intravenous urograms (IVU) (81%), but fewer had masses on bimanual examination (57%), ultrasound (49%), or computed tomography (CT) scan (35%). Most patients were treated with open resection (62%), while 30 percent were treated with transurethral resection (TUR). Almost all patients were cured with a single procedure (89%). Leiomyoma of the bladder is rare and readily cured with excision.