Transplantation of cultured type 1 astrocyte cell suspensions into young, adult and aged rat cortex: cell migration and survival

Int J Dev Neurosci. 1993 Oct;11(5):555-68. doi: 10.1016/0736-5748(93)90045-f.


The present study examined the fate and migration of transplanted astrocytes in different host ages. Additionally, the effect of donor cell age was examined in relation to cell migration. Cultured astrocytes from 5, 12 and 30 days in vitro were transplanted into young (postnatal day 5 and 21), adult (4.5 month), and aged (21 month) animals. The transplanted cells were labeled with Fast Blue, Fluorogold or DiI. The results confirmed previous studies demonstrating that transplanted cells were able to migrate successfully through host central nervous system and extended those findings to show that the age of the host significantly influenced donor cell migration distance. Migration was most extensive in young animals, as conditions supporting cell migration appeared to be lacking in older animals. Donor cells preferentially migrated on myelinated fiber tracts, rather than on unmyelinated fiber tracts or gray matter. The donor cells were not glial fibrillary acidic protein positive, indicating that either the cultured type 1 astrocytes did not survive transplantation or underwent significant remodeling of the intermediate filament network. It is also possible that a subpopulation of cells, possibly immature astrocytes which are present in the transplanted cell suspensions, flourished and subsequently migrated in the host brains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Astrocytes / drug effects
  • Astrocytes / physiology*
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Tissue Transplantation / physiology*
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cell Survival / physiology
  • Cell Transplantation / physiology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / immunology
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Microglia / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein