Production of basic fibroblast growth factor by gastric carcinoid tumors and their putative cells of origin

Hum Pathol. 1994 Feb;25(2):175-80. doi: 10.1016/0046-8177(94)90275-5.


Using immunohistochemical techniques a subpopulation of endocrine cells in the human oxyntic mucosa was found to react with antibodies against basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). These cells were identified as histamine-producing enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells and, to a minor extent, serotonin-producing enterochromaffin cells. Basic fibroblast growth factor immunoreactive cells were most frequently found in hyperplastic lesions of ECL cells occurring in hypergastrinemic patients (20 of 27 cases) and in ECL cell carcinoid tumors (10 of 17 cases). In addition, bFGF mRNA was demonstrated by Northern blot analysis of homogenates from two gastric carcinoids cytologically characterized as pure ECL cell tumors. Although the function of bFGF in normal cells remains unknown, its production in neoplastic conditions may be responsible for the associated desmoplastic and angioblastic proliferations. Moreover, secretion of bFGF by hyperplastic or neoplastic ECL cells may contribute to the circulating levels of the bFGF-like mitogenic factor identified in patients affected by multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoid Tumor / metabolism*
  • Carcinoid Tumor / pathology
  • Carcinoid Tumor / ultrastructure
  • Chromogranin A
  • Chromogranins / metabolism
  • Enterochromaffin Cells / metabolism
  • Enterochromaffin Cells / pathology
  • Female
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / biosynthesis*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / genetics
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism
  • Gastric Mucosa / pathology
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / ultrastructure


  • Chromogranin A
  • Chromogranins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2