A clinical study of the parameters and effects of temporary arterial occlusion in the management of intracranial aneurysms

Neurosurgery. 1994 Jan;34(1):22-8; discussion 28-9.


Temporary occlusion of intracranial arteries has emerged as a valuable technical adjunct in the management of intracranial aneurysms. The current study considered 121 patients (from a group of 234 consecutive aneurysm patients treated during a 2-yr period) who underwent elective temporary arterial occlusion. Twenty-one patients were excluded from further study because of an intraoperative rupture of an aneurysm, the elective sacrifice of afferent or efferent vessels, or the performance of an extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass graft; the remaining 100 patients underwent elective temporary occlusion under a standard neuroanesthetic regimen, including etomidate-induced burst suppression, normotension, normovolemia, and normothermia. In the postoperative period, radiographic evidence of ischemic brain injury in the distribution of the arteries occluded was selected as the end point for the failure of occlusion tolerance. The parameters evaluated with respect to this end point included the duration and nature of the temporary arterial occlusion, the number of the occlusive episodes, the specific vascular territory occluded, patient age, neurological status, presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, vasospasm, and aneurysm size. Several parameters were found to be related to the postoperative development of ischemic injury. Patients more than 61 years of age and those in poor neurological condition (Hunt and Hess Grades III to IV) did not tolerate temporary occlusion as well as patients who were younger and in better condition. Patients occluded for less than 14 minutes routinely tolerated the iatrogenic ischemia; the 95% confidence level for the toleration of occlusion without the development of infarction occurred at 19 minutes. All patients occluded for more than 31 minutes had both clinical and radiographic evidence of cerebral infarction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anesthesia, General
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / diagnostic imaging
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / surgery
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Ischemia / surgery
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cerebral Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Infarction / surgery
  • Etomidate
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Male
  • Microsurgery / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging*
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery
  • Reoperation
  • Risk Factors
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Etomidate