A gain-of-function mutation in Drosophila MAP kinase activates multiple receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways

Cell. 1994 Mar 11;76(5):875-88. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(94)90362-x.


In the Drosophila eye, activation of the sevenless (sev) receptor tyrosine kinase is required for the specification of the R7 photoreceptor cell fate. In a genetic screen for mutations that result in the activation of the sev signaling pathway in the absence of the inducing signal, we identified a gain-of-function mutation in rolled (rlSevenmaker [rlSem]), which encodes a homolog of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. In addition to the sev pathway, this mutation activates the pathways controlled by torso and the epidermal growth factor receptor homology. The rlSem mutation results in the substitution of a single conserved amino acid in the kinase domain. Activation of MAP kinase by the rlSem mutation is both necessary and sufficient to activate multiple signaling pathways controlled by receptor tyrosine kinases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Drosophila melanogaster / embryology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / enzymology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Genes, ras
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • DNA Primers
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M95124