Structure and genomic organization of the ipiB and ipiO gene clusters of Phytophthora infestans

Gene. 1994 Jan 28;138(1-2):67-77. doi: 10.1016/0378-1119(94)90784-6.


Two in planta-induced (ipi) genes, designated ipiB and ipiO, of the potato late blight fungus, Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, were isolated from a genomic library by a differential hybridization procedure [Pieterse et al., Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. (1993a) in press]. Both genes are expressed at high levels in the early phases of the pathogenic interaction of P. infestans with its host plant potato, suggesting that their gene products have a function in the early stages of the infection process. Here, we describe the nucleotide (nt) sequence and genomic organization of ipiB and ipiO. The ipiB gene belongs to a small gene family consisting of at least three genes, designated ipiB1, ipiB2 and ipiB3, which are clustered in a head-to-tail arrangement. The three ipiB genes are highly homologous throughout the coding regions and 5' and 3' flanking regions. The P. infestans genome contains two very similar ipiO genes, ipiO1 and ipiO2, which are closely linked and arranged in an inverted orientation. The ipiB genes encode three novel, highly similar Gly-rich proteins of 301, 343 and 347 amino acids (aa), respectively. The Gly-rich domains of the IPI-B proteins are predominantly composed of two repeats with the core sequences, A/V-G-A-G-L-Y-G-R and G-A-G-Y/V-G-G. The ipiO genes code for two almost identical 152-aa proteins which do not have any homology with sequences present in data libraries. IPI-B, as well as IPI-O, contains putative signal peptides of 20 and 21 aa, respectively, suggesting that they are transported out of the cytoplasm. In the promoter regions of ipiB and ipiO, a 16-nt sequence motif, matching the core sequence, GCTCATTYYNCAWTTT (where N = A or C or G or T; W = A or T; Y = C or T), was found. This sequence motif appears to be present around the transcription start point (tsp) of seven out of eight oomycetous genes for which the tsp have been determined, suggesting that oomycetes have a sequence preference for transcription initiation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / isolation & purification
  • Fungal Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Genes, Fungal*
  • Genome, Fungal*
  • Genomic Library
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family*
  • Phytophthora / genetics*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid


  • DNA, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L23936
  • GENBANK/L23937
  • GENBANK/L23938
  • GENBANK/L23939
  • GENBANK/L24206