Diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in the child

Orthop Rev. 1993 Dec;22(12):1305-13.

Abstract

Fifty-two cases of osteoid osteoma in children under 5 years of age were collected from the English literature and reviewed, along with seven cases from the Hospital for Joint Diseases. Analytic emphasis was placed on the clinical and radiologic difficulties encountered in the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in children. Diagnosis is especially challenging in patients that are just beginning to walk. Osteoid osteoma is often confused with many other entities. Although pain was the most frequent clinical manifestation, it was absent in 12% of cases; limp tenderness, swelling, and atrophy were the next most frequent findings. When standard radiographic findings proved negative for this condition, technetium bone scans were of considerable efficacy in identifying the tumor. When used, computerized tomograms permitted visualization and precise localization of the tumors in all cases. Bone deformities and leg-length discrepancies were found in more than 25% of the cases. Mini-block excision is recommended at diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / etiology
  • Bone Neoplasms / complications
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Bone Neoplasms / surgery
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Osteoma, Osteoid / complications
  • Osteoma, Osteoid / diagnosis*
  • Osteoma, Osteoid / surgery