Increased prevalence of occludable angles and angle-closure glaucoma in patients with pseudoexfoliation

Am J Ophthalmol. 1994 Mar 15;117(3):333-6. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)73141-1.


The association between angle-closure glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation is controversial. We retrospectively studied the angle configurations of 54 patients with pseudoexfoliation and found gonioscopically occludable angles in five cases (9.3%). We also analyzed the data from several large studies of pseudoexfoliation patients and found an increased prevalence of acute angle-closure glaucoma in this group. These data suggest that pseudoexfoliation patients may represent a high-risk population for the development of angle-closure glaucoma.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Anterior Chamber*
  • Exfoliation Syndrome / complications*
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Female
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / etiology*
  • Gonioscopy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors