Diagnosis and management of atypical mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children

J Pediatr Surg. 1976 Feb;11(1):85-9. doi: 10.1016/0022-3468(76)90175-5.


One hundred and thirty children with superficial atypical mycobacterial lymphadenitis have been treated between 1958 and 1974. The introduction of Double Mantoux testing has provided a reliable means of differentiating human and bovine from atypical infection and has enabled us to cease the routine use of antituberculous drugs. Adequate local surgical excision has become the treatment of choice.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lymphadenitis / diagnosis
  • Lymphadenitis / drug therapy
  • Lymphadenitis / surgery
  • Male
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / drug therapy
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / surgery