The role of socioeconomic status and injury morbidity risk in adolescents

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994 Mar;148(3):245-9. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.1994.02170030015003.


Objective: To examine the patterns of socioeconomic status and injury morbidity in adolescents.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Metropolitan school district in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.

Participants: There were 1245 students (89%) recruited from 1400 aged 12 to 16 years.

Interventions: None.

Measures and results: Baseline variables of socioeconomic status used for this analysis included township of residence (from the 1990 census data ranked by the percentage of households below the poverty level) and employment status of the parents (student self-report). Life-table analysis revealed no differential risk of injury by socioeconomic status. Similar results were found when stratified by gender, race, injury type (sport vs nonsport), and injury place (school vs home).

Conclusions: The results indicate that in this cohort of adolescents, socioeconomic status does not seem to be a contributing risk factor for injury.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Age Factors
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Life Tables
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Pennsylvania
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Class*
  • Urban Population
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds and Injuries / classification
  • Wounds and Injuries / economics
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology