Autistic behaviour and attention deficits in tuberous sclerosis: a population-based study

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1994 Jan;36(1):50-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1994.tb11765.x.


In a population-based sample of 28 individuals under the age of 20 years, autistic symptoms were present in 24 and DSM-III-R autistic disorder in 17. Many of the children and adolescents diagnosed as autistic also showed attention deficit/hyperactivity. There was no specific association between autistic behaviour and the presence of infantile spasms. Some of the children with tuberous sclerosis and autism were of near-normal intelligence. Indirectly, the results suggest that as many as 9 per cent of all children with autism may have tuberous sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology*
  • Autistic Disorder / complications*
  • Autistic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intelligence Tests
  • Male
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / complications*
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / epidemiology