Description of a patient with difficult nosological classification: Goldenhar syndrome or Townes-Brocks syndrome?

Minerva Pediatr. 1993 Nov;45(11):459-62.


The authors report a case of difficult nosological classification. The patient, a 4-year-old female shows facial asymmetry, preauricular tags, anterior displacement of the anus and rib anomalies. Some of these clinical signs are present both in the Goldenhar syndrome and in the Townes-Brocks syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anal Canal / abnormalities
  • Audiometry
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cranial Nerves / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Ear, External / abnormalities
  • Female
  • Goldenhar Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Middle Lobe Syndrome / diagnosis*