Objective: To study the long-term ovarian neoplastic consequences of resection of a dermoid cyst.
Methods: The study population comprised 99 patients who were operated on for an ovarian dermoid cyst. Follow-up information was obtained for 91 women for a mean period of 5.06 +/- 2.46 years.
Results: Of the 99 women, 18 had bilateral dermoid cysts. Multiple dermoid cysts in a single ovary were found in nine of the women with bilateral cysts and in one of the remaining patients. Two patients developed malignant germ cell tumors, and three developed a recurrent dermoid cyst in an ovary from which a dermoid cyst had previously been extracted. Bilateral or multiple ovarian dermoid cysts were present at the initial operation in four (80%) of these patients.
Conclusions: Women with bilateral or multiple dermoid cysts may include a subgroup of patients with a greater tendency to develop future ovarian germ cell neoplasms.