Memory bias in social phobia

Behav Res Ther. 1994 Jan;32(1):89-99. doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(94)90087-6.


To examine memory bias for social threat in social phobics, four studies are reported in which social phobic and nonclinical Ss are compared on their retrieval of threat-relevant information. Study 1 measured standard recall and recognition of threat, neutral, and positive words, while Study 2 assessed retrieval of these words through implicit and explicit tasks. The two final studies attempted to increase the validity of the procedures. Study 3 examined recall of feedback in a hypothetical public performance task and Study 4 examined autobiographical memory for social and neutral situations. All four studies consistently failed to find any evidence for biased retrieval processes in social phobics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Language Tests
  • Male
  • Memory*
  • Mental Recall
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology*
  • Psychometrics
  • Vocabulary