Micropreparative two-dimensional electrophoresis allowing the separation of samples containing milligram amounts of proteins

Electrophoresis. 1993 Dec;14(12):1375-8. doi: 10.1002/elps.11501401212.


We describe some simple modifications to the micropreparative two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis procedure using immobilized pH gradients in the first dimension and sodium dodecyl sulfate-electrophoresis in the second dimension. The geometry of the immobilized pH gradient strips has been changed to allow the use of large sample application cups that can accommodate greater sample volumes. The use of narrow range immobilized pH gradients with a large sample loading volume allows an efficient resolubilization of polypeptides after the first dimension. As a result, the vertical streaking caused by too high a protein concentration is eliminated in the second dimension. Protein identification by N-terminal sequencing is facilitated by the large protein load (1-15 mg) which can be employed using this modification. Spots not normally detectable on conventional analytical 2-D maps, even with sensitive silver staining, are observed. Results for plasma and liver proteins are shown.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional / methods*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Microchemistry
  • Polyvinyls
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Sequence Analysis


  • Blood Proteins
  • Polyvinyls
  • Proteins
  • polyvinylidene fluoride