Differential effects of selective tachykinin NK2 receptor antagonists in rat spinal cord

Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Jan 4;251(1):99-102. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(94)90449-9.


The effects of intrathecally (i.t.) injected selective tachykinin NK2 receptor antagonists, MEN 10,207, MEN 10,376 and R396, on the spinal effect of neurokinin A were studied in decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats. I.t. neurokinin A (7 pmol) briefly facilitated the flexor reflex, an effect that was dose dependently inhibited by pretreatment with MEN 10,207 and MEN 10,376 with similar and high potency. I.t. R396 itself caused strong facilitation of the flexor reflect. At lower doses, the effect of i.t. neurokinin A was potentiated by R396. R396 only exhibited moderate antagonism of neurokinin A-induced reflex facilitation even at very high doses. It has been proposed that the tachykinin NK2 receptor may be further classified into two subtypes, NK2A and NK2B, with MEN 10,207 and MEN 10,376 having high affinity for the former and R396 for the latter. Our results suggested that the tachykinin NK2 receptor in rat spinal cord which mediates the excitatory effect of neurokinin A may belong to the NK2A subpopulation of receptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Injections, Spinal
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurokinin A / administration & dosage
  • Neurokinin A / analogs & derivatives
  • Neurokinin A / pharmacology
  • Nociceptors / drug effects
  • Oligopeptides / administration & dosage
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology
  • Peptide Fragments / administration & dosage
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Neurokinin-2 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Reflex / drug effects
  • Spinal Cord / drug effects*


  • Oligopeptides
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptors, Neurokinin-2
  • neurokinin A (4-10), Tyr(5)-Trp(6,8,9)-Arg(10)-
  • R 396
  • neurokinin A(4-10), Tyr(5)-Trp(6,8,9)-Lys(10)-
  • Neurokinin A