Effect of two preventive programs on oral health knowledge and habits among Brazilian schoolchildren

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1994 Feb;22(1):41-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1994.tb01567.x.


The effect upon dental health knowledge and dental health behavior of a comprehensive and a less comprehensive preventive program was compared in a 3-yr follow up study. The comprehensive program included active participation of the students and parental involvement. The study group consisted of 186 Brazilian schoolchildren 13 yr of age at the start of the program. A reference group from another school of similar socioeconomic level was included in the analyses. The data were collected from questionnaires filled in by the children under surveillance after the completion of the program. Significant differences in knowledge as well as in reported behavior were observed. The children enrolled in the comprehensive program in general scored higher in dental health knowledge than did those in the less comprehensive program. However, the latter group of children seemed to have acquired more correct knowledge during the period than had the control and reference children. Similar results were obtained concerning reported dental health behavior.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brazil
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Dental Caries / etiology
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Gingivitis / etiology
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Education, Dental*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oral Hygiene / education*
  • Oral Hygiene / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires