The actin binding site in the tail domain of Dictyostelium myosin IC (myoC) resides within the glycine- and proline-rich sequence (tail homology region 2)

FEBS Lett. 1994 Apr 4;342(2):197-202. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(94)80500-8.

Abstract

The majority of protozoan myosins I possess tail domains composed of three distinct and conserved regions of sequence, referred to as tail homology regions 1, 2 and 3 (TH.1, TH.2 and TH.3). While the N-terminal approximately half of the tail (corresponding to TH.1) has been implicated in membrane binding, all or some portion of the C-terminal approximately half of the tail (corresponding to TH.2 plus TH.3) has been implicated in binding to F-actin in a nucleotide-insensitive fashion. Here we show, using fusion proteins containing portions of the Dictyostelium myosin IC (myoC) tail domain and F-actin sedimentation assays, that the ability of the myoC tail to bind to actin resides entirely within the glycine- and proline-rich TH.2 domain. The src-like TH.3 domain does not bind to actin, nor does it augment the binding properties of the TH.2 domain. In addition to defining more precisely the location of the actin binding site in the tail domain of a protozoan myosin I, these results have implications for the function of the src-like TH.3 domain in myosins I and other proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Dictyostelium / genetics
  • Dictyostelium / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Genes, Protozoan
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myosins / chemistry
  • Myosins / genetics
  • Myosins / metabolism*
  • Protozoan Proteins / chemistry
  • Protozoan Proteins / genetics
  • Protozoan Proteins / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Actins
  • DNA Primers
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Myosins