A set of biochemical keys which provide fast and presumptive identification for Vibrio spp. is presented. They have been specially designed for environmental isolates, and can be used for strains that are Gram-negative, give a positive oxidase test, grow on TCBS medium and are facultative anaerobes. The keys are constituted by 28 tests and a maximum of 10 tests are needed for the most complicated identification. They have been designed for routine purposes, especially for studies with a high number of isolates. Some tests are included in enzyme-activity based kits that could be used with these keys through certain results, principally for environmental isolates, should be confirmed by standard methods.