In vitro cardiac pharmacology of the new histamine H2-receptor agonist amthamine: comparisons with histamine and dimaprit

Agents Actions. 1993 Sep;40(1-2):44-9. doi: 10.1007/BF01976750.


The cardiac activity of the novel histamine H2-receptor agonist amthamine was investigated in a variety of isolated heart preparations from guinea pigs and humans and in the isolated rabbit aorta. Amthamine caused an increase in the sinus rate of spontaneously beating guinea-pig atria (pD2 = 6.72) and in the contractility of the electrically driven guinea-pig papillary muscle (pD2 = 6.17) and of the human atrium (pD2 = 5.38). In all these systems, amthamine behaved as a full agonist with a potency comparable to or slightly higher than that of histamine and 10 times higher than that of dimaprit. The positive effects of amthamine were competitively antagonized by ranitidine which had pA2 values (6.46 and 6.25 in the guinea-pig atria and papillary muscle, respectively) comparable with those calculated against histamine and dimaprit. In the isolated rabbit aorta amthamine was devoid of H1-mediated activities up to 3 x 10(-4) M. These results indicate that amthamine is a potent and selective histamine H2-receptor agonist which can be considered a valuable tool for investigating H2-receptor mediated effects in cardiac tissues.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Function
  • Dimaprit / pharmacology*
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Heart / drug effects*
  • Heart Atria / drug effects
  • Histamine / pharmacology*
  • Histamine Agonists / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Histamine Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Myocardial Contraction / drug effects
  • Papillary Muscles / drug effects
  • Rabbits
  • Ranitidine / pharmacology
  • Thiazoles / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Thiazoles / pharmacology*


  • Histamine Agonists
  • Thiazoles
  • amthamine
  • Histamine
  • Ranitidine
  • Dimaprit