The growth of XXX females: population-based studies

Ann Hum Biol. 1994 Jan-Feb;21(1):57-66. doi: 10.1080/03014469400003072.


Longitudinal measurements of height, sitting height and leg length are compared between 11 XXX girls identified by cytogenetic screening, and 16 chromosomally normal controls from the same population using a nonparametric method. While height velocity did not differ between the two groups either during the pubertal or the mid-childhood spurts, leg length velocity was significantly increased during the mid-childhood spurt, between 4 and 9 years of age. A further contribution to the increased leg length came from the slower decline in leg length velocity at the end of the pubertal spurt. The possible mechanisms involved in these changes are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Height*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Leg / anatomy & histology
  • Posture
  • Puberty
  • Sex Chromosome Aberrations / pathology
  • Trisomy*
  • X Chromosome*