Interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) enhances rhodopsin regeneration in the experimentally detached retina

Exp Eye Res. 1993 Dec;57(6):771-82. doi: 10.1006/exer.1993.1185.


Results obtained in a previous study showed that, compared with a normal eyecup preparation, the amount of rhodopsin regenerated and the rate at which it was resynthesized after bleaching were reduced by about 50% when the skate retina was detached from its pigment epithelium (RPE) and replaced immediately on the apical surface of the RPE (Sun and Ripps, 1992). In the present study, these observations have been extended to preparations in which the detachment procedure was performed under fluid in order to dilute the IRBP content of the interphotoreceptor matrix. The goal initially was to determine whether lowering the IRBP concentration of the subretinal space affected the regenerative process. Using fundus reflectometry, it was found that allowing fluid to enter the subretinal space exposed by the detachment procedure caused profound deficits in both the rate and amount of rhodopsin that regenerated after bleaching. Results obtained with SDS-PAGE and immunohistochemistry showed that the molecular weight of the IRBP extracted from the skate retina is similar to that of many other vertebrate species, and that antibodies prepared against mammalian IRBP react with epitopes on skate IRBP within the interphotoreceptor matrix. Accordingly, it was investigated whether it is possible to reverse the detachment-induced anomalies in rhodopsin kinetics by introducing ligand-free IRBP purified from bovine retina to the subretinal space. Again using fundus reflectometry, it was found that instilling 5 microM of a 130 microM IRBP solution between the neural retina and the RPE increased significantly the rate of regeneration, and more than doubled the amount of rhodopsin reformed in darkness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Ocular / physiology
  • Animals
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Eye Proteins*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Immunoblotting
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Weight
  • Retina / metabolism*
  • Retinal Detachment / metabolism*
  • Retinol-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • Retinol-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Rhodopsin / metabolism*
  • Skates, Fish


  • Eye Proteins
  • Retinol-Binding Proteins
  • interstitial retinol-binding protein
  • Rhodopsin