Lupus nephritis. Classification, prognosis, immunopathogenesis, and treatment

Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1994 Feb;20(1):213-42.


There is great variation in the characteristics of renal histology, in its clinical expression and clinical course, and, most likely, in the pathogenic mechanisms of glomerular damage. As the ability to more precisely characterize these lesions improves and as we better understand the multiple pathogenic mechanisms and modulating factors at play in the disease, treatment advances and improved renal survival should follow.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / immunology
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / immunology
  • Biopsy
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology
  • Glomerulonephritis, Membranous / pathology
  • Humans
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Lupus Nephritis / classification
  • Lupus Nephritis / pathology*
  • Lupus Nephritis / therapy
  • Mononuclear Phagocyte System / pathology
  • Prognosis


  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex