Immunosuppressive drug therapy of systemic lupus erythematosus

Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1994 Feb;20(1):265-99.


This article reviews the biologic effects of cyclophosphamide and azathioprine relevant to the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Other agents used less commonly for SLE, such as methotrexate, chlorambucil, and cyclosporin-A, receive more limited attention. Clinical studies of efficacy and toxicity of these agents in their treatment of SLE are then described in detail.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Azathioprine / therapeutic use
  • Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use
  • Cyclosporine / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Leukocyte Count / drug effects
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / drug therapy*
  • Lymphocyte Subsets / drug effects
  • Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • Mechlorethamine / therapeutic use
  • Methotrexate / therapeutic use


  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Mechlorethamine
  • Cyclosporine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Azathioprine
  • Methotrexate