A genomic clone of the S11 allele from the self-incompatibility locus (S locus) in Solanum chacoense Bitt. has been isolated by cross-hybridization to the S. chacoense S13 allele and sequenced. The sequence of the S11 allele contains all the features expected for S genes of the Solanaceae, and S11 expression, as assessed by northern blots and RNA-PCR, was similar to that of other S. chacoense S alleles. The S11 protein sequence shares 95% identity with the phenotypically distinct S13 protein of S. chacoense and is the gametophytic S allele with the highest similarity to an existing allele so far discovered. Only 10 amino acid changes differentiate the mature proteins from these two alleles, which sets a new lower limit to the number of changes that can produce an altered S allele specificity. The amino acid substitutions are not clustered, suggesting that an accumulation of random point mutations can generate S allele diversity. The S11 intron is unusual in that it could be translated in frame with the coding sequence, thus suggesting an additional mechanism for the generation of new S alleles.