The Arabidopsis ga1 mutant has very low levels of endogenous, active gibberellins and thus has an extreme dwarf phenotype; application of GA3 induces stem elongation and flower development. To test the hypothesis that GA action in this system involves changes in gene expression, we have cloned mRNAs whose abundance changes following GA application. A subtraction cloning scheme for the isolation of differentially regulated cDNAs was established, involving hybridization of single-stranded cDNA to biotinylated mRNA. cDNA populations enriched up to 150-fold in GA-regulated sequences were produced and cDNA libraries generated. Screening of these libraries has isolated two clones that identify mRNAs of ca. 1100 and 750 bases whose abundance is markedly increased 24 h after GA application. One of these clones encodes the vegetative form of the Arabidopsis tonoplast intrinsic protein (gamma-TIP), a water channel protein, the expression of which has recently been shown to be correlated with regions of cell expansion. The second clone is expressed only in the inflorescence and encodes a proline- and glycine-rich protein that may be a cell wall component.