Neuronal differentiation signals are controlled by nerve growth factor receptor/Trk binding sites for SHC and PLC gamma

EMBO J. 1994 Apr 1;13(7):1585-90.


Differentiation and survival of neuronal cell types requires the action of neurotrophic polypeptides such as nerve growth factor (NGF). In the central and peripheral nervous system and the phaeochromocytoma cell model PC12, NGF exerts its effects through the activation of the signalling capacity of Trk, a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) which upon interaction with NGF becomes phosphorylated on tyrosines and thereby acquires the potential to interact with signal-transducing proteins such as phospholipase C-gamma (PLC gamma), phosphatidylinositol-3'-kinase (PI3'-K) and SHC. Mutagenesis of the specific binding sites for these src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing substrates within the Trk cytoplasmic domain suggests a non-essential function of PI3'-K and reveals a major role for the signal controlled by the SHC binding site at tyrosine 490 and a co-operative function of the PLC gamma-mediated pathway for neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Growth Factors / pharmacology
  • Neurons / physiology
  • PC12 Cells / physiology*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Transfection
  • Type C Phospholipases / metabolism


  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Type C Phospholipases