Segmentectomy versus lobectomy in patients with stage I pulmonary carcinoma. Five-year survival and patterns of intrathoracic recurrence

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Apr;107(4):1087-93; discussion 1093-4.


One hundred seventy-three patients with stage I (T1 N0, T2 N0) non-small-cell lung cancer underwent either a segmental pulmonary resection (n = 68) or lobectomy (n = 105) from 1980 to 1988. Four patients were lost to follow-up, but the remaining 169 patients were followed up for 5 years. Survival and the prevalence of local/regional recurrence were assessed. Although no survival advantage of lobectomy over segmental resection was noted for patients with tumors 3.0 cm in diameter or smaller, a survival advantage was apparent for patients undergoing lobectomy for tumors larger than 3.0 cm. The rate of local/regional recurrence was 22.7% (15/66) after segmental resection versus 4.9% (5/103) after lobectomy. A review of histologic tumor type, original tumor diameter, and segment resected revealed no risk factors that were predictive of recurrence. An additional resection for recurrence was performed in four patients. Lobectomy is the preferred operative procedure for patients with stage I tumors larger than 3.0 cm. Because the rate of local/regional recurrence was high after segmental resections, diligent follow-up of these patients is mandatory.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / mortality
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Large Cell / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Large Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Large Cell / surgery*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Pneumonectomy / methods*
  • Pneumonectomy / mortality
  • Pneumonectomy / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis