We generated four murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for globo-series glycolipids by immunizing C3H/HeN mice with these purified glycolipids adsorbed to Salmonella minnesota followed by fusion with mouse myeloma cells. By use of a wide variety of glycolipids, the precise structures recognized by these MAbs were elucidated through an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an immunostaining on thin-layer chromatography. These four MAbs, designated as BGR23, BGR47, BMR26, and BGR27, exhibited highly restricted binding specificities, reacting only with the globo-series glycolipids Gb3Cer, III3Gal alpha-Gb3Cer, Gb4Cer, and IV3GalNAc alpha-Gb4Cer, respectively, which were used for immunization. None of the other various glycolipids or gangliosides were recognized. We determined the localization of these globo-series glycolipids in adult rat small intestine by means of an immunofluorescence technique with these MAbs. Our study revealed that there is a differential distribution of these glycolipids in the rat tissue. III3Gal alpha-Gb3Cer was demonstrated on the cryptic cells and circular muscle, whereas Gb4Cer was localized on both the circular and longitudinal muscles. The expression of Gb3Cer was associated with the epithelium and the capillary endothelial cells in the lamina propria mucosae as well as with the tunica submucosa, whereas IV3GalNAc alpha-Gb4Cer was detected on the epithelium, capillary endothelial cells in the lamina propria mucosae, and both the muscle layers.