Value of second-look endoscopy after injection therapy for bleeding peptic ulcer: a prospective and randomized trial

Gastrointest Endosc. 1994 Jan-Feb;40(1):34-9. doi: 10.1016/s0016-5107(94)70006-0.


A prospective and randomized trial involving 104 patients was performed to assess whether second-look endoscopy could improve the efficacy of injection therapy for bleeding ulcers. The inclusion criteria were the presence of active arterial bleeding or a non-bleeding visible vessel at emergency endoscopy. All the patients received emergency injection of 1:10,000 adrenaline and were subsequently randomized (52 patients in each group) according to whether or not they would receive a second elective endoscopy within the first 24 hours with repeated injection if a visible vessel was still identified. Both groups were well matched for clinical and endoscopic data. A tendency towards better results was noted in the group that received a second-look endoscopy; the two groups were compared in regard to further bleeding (21% versus 29%, 95% confidence interval of the difference = -24.3 to 8.5), need for emergency surgery (8% versus 15%, 95% confidence interval of the difference = -19.9 to 4.5), transfusion requirements (1.7 +/- 1.9 versus 2.5 +/- 2.5 units, 95% confidence interval of the difference = -1.6 to 0.07), length of hospital stay (9.3 +/- 8.6 versus 11.8 +/- 10.8 days, 95% confidence interval of the difference = -6.2 to 1.4), and mortality rate (2% versus 4%). Although these trends did not achieve statistical significance, a type II error cannot be ruled out. However, according to our results, several hundred patients would be required to demonstrate statistically these relatively small differences.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Emergencies
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal*
  • Epinephrine / administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Hemostasis, Endoscopic*
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / drug therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recurrence


  • Epinephrine