Prognosis of stroke patients undergoing mechanical ventilation

Intensive Care Med. 1994;20(1):32-6. doi: 10.1007/BF02425052.

Abstract

Objective: to determine the outcome of stroke patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.

Design: retrospective chart review and follow-up telephone interview.

Setting: medical ICU in a multidisciplinary university hospital.

Patients and participants: 199 stroke patients from 1984-1989 where the final diagnosis was stroke.

Interventions: all patients were admitted for the need of mechanical ventilation.

Measurements and results: demographic information, previous relevant diseases, stroke type, general clinical and neurological data, biochemical variables, severity of illness were recorded for the first 24 h following ICU admission. A 1-year follow-up was performed, including mortality and functional status of survivors. Of 170 eventually analyzable patients, 123 (72.4%) died during their ICU stay and 156 (91.8%) during the first year. Three variables were independently associated with one-year mortality: Glasgow score < 10 (p < 0.03), bradycardia (p < 0.001), absence of brainstem reflexes (p < 0.0004).

Conclusion: overall prognosis of stroke needing mechanical ventilation is poor, strongly linked to symptoms of neurological impairment.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / mortality
  • Brain Ischemia / therapy
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / mortality
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / therapy
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Respiration, Artificial*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome