Purpose: We report that the use of alternate-day cyclosporine and prednisone improved the clinical course of a 6-year-old child with severe Evans syndrome. Before the use of cyclosporine the child had experienced life-threatening episodes of hemolytic anemia despite the use of multiple therapeutic modalities.
Methods: Cyclosporine was given at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day divided into two doses on alternate days.
Results: The use of cyclosporine resulted in increased hemoglobin levels, increased platelet counts, and the reduction of the patient's prednisone dose from 2 mg/kg/day to as low as 1 mg/kg every other day. With this regimen, the patient had less severe hemolytic anemia, was less thrombocytopenic, and had fewer hospitalizations. No major toxic effects were associated with cyclosporine therapy.
Conclusion: The regimen of alternate-day cyclosporine and prednisone may prove to be useful in the treatment of other patients with refractory Evans syndrome.